Reading German food labels

Reading German food labels

by: WIC Overseas | .
.
published: September 15, 2016

All food products produced in the European Union must follow the European Union’s Food Labeling Laws. Information that must be on a food label includes the following:

Pre-packed foods:

  • Name of the product
  • List of ingredients
  • Allergy causing substances
  • Expiration date
  • Contents (measurement in g, kg, ml, etc. of edible portion)
  • Manufacturer/Importer
  • Origin
  • Genetically modified or irradiated
  • “bestrahit” oder “mit ionisierenden Strahlen behandelt”
  • “genetisch”
  • Open foods such as fruits and vegetables:
  • Name of fruit or vegetable
  • Country of origin
  • Use of preservatives
  • Final price and price per kg, liter, piece, etc.

You are probably familiar with the Nutrition Facts Panel in the U.S. All food items, except for open products such as fruits and vegetables and meat, must have the Nutrition Facts Panel on the label in a specific format and it must always contain the same information such as calories, fat, protein, and carbohydrates per serving and ingredients. In Germany, there is no standardized food label. Besides the information previously listed, all nutritional information is purely optional unless a claim (example: low-fat, healthy) is made on the label. 

The percentages of certain nutrients that are listed on the American Nutrition Facts food label refer to the Reference Daily Intake (RDI). RDIs are set by the USDA as estimates of how much of certain nutrients we should be eating. Germans have similar guidelines called the Guidelines Daily Amounts (GDAs). German labels may carry percentages based upon the GDAs. The German government has set GDAs for fat, saturated fat, carbohydrates, sugar and fiber.

Below are the German GDAs compared to the American RDIs (the RDIs are in parentheses). As you can see, most of the GDAs are similar to the RDIs except for salt.

NutrientWomenMen
Energy2000 kcal2500 kcal
Protein50 g60 g
Carbohydrates270 g  (300 g)340 g  (375 g)
Fat 70 g   (65 g)80 g   (80 g)
Saturated Fat 20 g  (20 g)30 g  (25 g)
Fiber 25 g  (25 g)25 g  (30 g)
Salt6000 mg Sodium  (2400 mg)6000 mg Sodium  (2400 mg)
Total Sugar90 g110 g

To read a German food label, it helps to know some German. Here is a guide to the most common words found on a German nutrition label:

                        German                                                           English

                  Nahrwertangaben                                               Portion Size

                      Brennwert                                                         Calories

                        Kalories                                                           Calories

                          Fett                                                                   Fat

                   Kohlenhydrate                                                  Carbohydrate

                        Zucker                                                               Sugar

                    Ballaststoffe                                                          Fiber

                        Eiweiss                                                            Protein

                        Natrium                                                           Sodium

                         Salz                                                                   Salt

                          Bio                                                                Organic          

 

In case you need something in a grocery stores, here are a few important statement:

How much does it cost per kilo?                    Wieviel kostet das pro Kilo?

How long will it keep?                                    Wie lange ist das haltbar?

I’ll take this.                                                    Iche nehme dies.

Give me half a kilo of it.                                 Geben Sie mir ein halbes Kilo davon.

Can you wrap it up for the journey?               Konnen Sie mir das Fur die Reise verpacken?

Conversions

Here is a review of the units of measurements use in the United States:

8 ounces = 1 cup

16 ounces = 2 cups = 1 pint

32 ounces = 4 cups = 2 pints = ½ gallon

64 ounces = 8 cups = 4 pints = 1 gallon

128 ounces = 16 cups = 8 pints = 4 quarts = 1 gallon

1 pound = 16 ounces

Unlike the United States, Europe uses the metric system. Here are a few helpful conversions you may need during you grocery shopping.

1 pound = 0.45 kilograms

1 kilogram = 2.2 pounds

1 ounce = 28 grams

1 gram = 0.035 ounces

1 ounce = 30 milliliters

1 milliliter = 0.03 ounces

1 cup = 0.24 liters

1 liter = 4.2 cups

1 teaspoon = 5 milliliters

1 tablespoon = 15 milliliters

1 cup = 240 milliliters

An 8-ounce baby bottle contains 240 milliliters.

Jenny Dietrich, Brend Dietrich and Sandra Erb contributed to this article.

Tags: Germany, nutrition, Label, food, Grocery Shopping, RDI, GDA
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